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Byrne, R. M. J. (2007). The rational imagination: How people create alternatives to reality. Cambridge: The MIT Press. (Original work published 2005).   
Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard 8/27/11, 4:49 AM
"One of the more surprising aspects of counterfactual imagination is that there are remarkable similiarities in what everyone imagines."
The similarities in imaginative scenarios suggest "that there are "joints" in reality, junctures that attract everyone's attention."
"A counterfactual conditional [using the subjunctive mood] such as "if only he had been handsome, I would have married him" evokes two possibilities, an imaginary possibility in which the man is handsome and the speaker marries him, and a reality in which the man was not and she did not."
"The negative counterfactual seems to propose that its antecedent is fake." The example Byrne uses is "if Oswald had not killed Kennedy then someone else would have." The presupposition, or antecedent, is that Oswald had killed Kennedy; the negative counterfactual proposes otherwise.