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Brewer, W. F. (1986). What is autobiographical memory. In D. C. Rubin (Ed.), Autobiographical memory (pp. 25–49). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (9/15/18, 10:50 AM)   Last edited by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (7/14/20, 8:37 AM)
Resource type: Book Article
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511558313.006
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 9780511558313
BibTeX citation key: Brewer1986
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Categories: General
Keywords: Presence, Presence (definition), Self
Creators: Brewer, Rubin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (Cambridge)
Collection: Autobiographical memory
Resources citing this (Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography)
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"I intend to argue that the self is composed of an experiencing ego, a self-schema, and an associated set of personal memories and autobiographical facts.

Ego. By ego I mean the conscious experiencing entity that is the focus of our phenomenal experience. The ego is the aspect of a person that experiences things from the "inside." The ego is the conscious aspect of the mind that moves through space and time. It is the memory for the ego's moment-to-moment experience that we call personal memories.

Self-schema. The self-schema is the cognitive structure that contains generic knowledge about the self. In the same way that individuals have knowledge about the solar system or knowledge about Walter Cronkite, individuals have knowledge about themselves. This knowledge is presumably organized into unconscious mental structures that interact with incoming information about the self (Brewer & Nakamura, 1984; Rumelhart, 1980). Some of the information that goes into making up the self-schema is private and available only to the self; other information is public and available to an observer. The self-schema must be one of the richer knowledge structures in an individual's long-term memory; hence, once it has developed, it probably changes only slowly, thus providing consistency to the self over time.

Self. The self is the complex mental structure that includes the ego, the self-schema, and portions of long-term memory related to the ego-self (e.g., personal memories, generic personal memories, and autobiographical facts).

Individual. The individual is the larger entity that includes the self, the de-personalized (nonself) aspects of the mind, and the body. Thus, it is the individual who has depersonalized knowledge about biology (e.g., a robin has wings) and who possesses cognitive skills (e.g., can carry out long division), motor skills (e.g., can ride a bicycle), and rote skills (e.g., can recite Lincoln's Gettysburg Address)."


  Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Presence Presence (definition) Self
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