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Harvey, M. A., & Sanchez-Vives, M. V. (2005). The binding problem in presence research. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 14(5), 616–621. 
Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (3/9/18, 9:38 AM)   Last edited by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (9/4/20, 2:51 PM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1162/105474605774918714
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 1054-7460
BibTeX citation key: Harvey2005
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Keywords: Binding problem, Immersion, Neuroscience, Other-presence, Presence, Self-presence, Synchresis/Synchrony
Creators: Harvey, Sanchez-Vives
Publisher: MIT Press (Cambridge, Massachusetts)
Collection: Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments
Views: 3/191
"An important contributor to the feeling of being present is the unity of one's perceptual experience. That is, the constellation of sensorial cues in a virtual environment must be in accord with some basic rules which, in the real world, govern the relationship between sensory events. A similar and long standing problem in neuroscience is how is it that the temporally and spatially segregated activity in neuronal ensembles is reassembled in order to generate a seamless conscious experience. This issue, which was first addressed by the Gestalt psychologists, is commonly referred to as the binding problem. In this paper we will discuss how the problem of binding is related to the problem of presence, and how the study of the neurophysiological substrates subserving this process may lead to an understanding of contextual relationships critical to generating presence in virtual environments."
p.617   Explaining why virtual environments are capable of facilitating presence despite lacking sensory modalities, it is not absence of one modality or another but rather incongruity between them that will break presence. The brain can fill in missing sensory data. In a virtual world displaying a rose, "it should be less disruptive for the rose to have no smell than the wrong smell."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Binding problem Immersion Neuroscience Presence Synchresis/Synchrony
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