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Clair, R. (1929). The art of sound. Retrieved September 10, 2021, from ... ne/575/art-of-sound.htm 
Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (6/20/06, 8:17 AM)   Last edited by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (9/10/21, 10:17 AM)
Resource type: Web Article
BibTeX citation key: Clair1929
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Categories: Film Music/Sound
Keywords: Film sound, Synchresis/Synchrony
Creators: Clair
Views: 5/796
Sounds a warning against talking films as opposed to sound films and that (too much) dialogue at the expense of other sound is harmful to the art.
   Describes the sound film as that "on which the last hopes of the advocates of the silent film are pinned. They count on the sound film to ward off the danger represented by the advent of talkies, in an effort to convince themselves that the sounds and noises accompanying the moving picture may prove sufficiently entertaining for the audience to prevent it from demanding dialogue, and may create and illusion of "reality" less harmful for the art than the talking film."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
   "We must draw a distinction here between those sound effects which are amusing only by virtue of their novelty (which soon wears off), and those that help one to understand the action, and which excite emotions which could not have been roused by the sight of the pictures alone. The visual world at the birth of the cinema seemed to hold immeasurably richer promise.... However, if imitation of real noises seems limited and disappointing, it is possible that an interpretation of noises may have more of a future in it. Sound cartoons, using "real" noises, seem to point to interesting possibilities."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Cognition Diegetic/non-diegetic Narrative Reproduction/Representation
   "It is the alternate, not the simultaneous, use of the visual subject and of the sound produced by it that creates the best effects."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Synchresis/Synchrony
   Describes a single shot in which the camera is focussed on a face reacting to events (as described by sound) outside the screen. Clair makes the point that an equivalent to this one shot would require several shots in a silent movie. This is due "to the "unity of place" achieved through sound. Sound possesses an "economy of means" that allows it to replace image.   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Space
   For Clair, hearing clapping if one can see clapping is a redundant and unnecessary use of sound.   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Acousmatic sound
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