Sound Research WIKINDX

WIKINDX Resources

Surlykke, A., & Kalko, E. K. V. (2008). Echolocating bats cry out loud to detect their prey. PLOS One, 3(4). 
Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (11/8/23, 2:13 PM)   
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002036
BibTeX citation key: Surlykke2008
Email resource to friend
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Keywords: Bats, Ultrasound
Creators: Kalko, Surlykke
Collection: PLOS One
Views: 19/35
"Echolocating bats have successfully exploited a broad range of habitats and prey. Much research has demonstrated how time-frequency structure of echolocation calls of different species is adapted to acoustic constraints of habitats and foraging behaviors. However, the intensity of bat calls has been largely neglected although intensity is a key factor determining echolocation range and interactions with other bats and prey. Differences in detection range, in turn, are thought to constitute a mechanism promoting resource partitioning among bats, which might be particularly important for the species-rich bat assemblages in the tropics. Here we present data on emitted intensities for 11 species from 5 families of insectivorous bats from Panamá hunting in open or background cluttered space or over water. We recorded all bats in their natural habitat in the field using a multi-microphone array coupled with photographic methods to assess the bats' position in space to estimate emitted call intensities. All species emitted intense search signals. Output intensity was reduced when closing in on background by 4–7 dB per halving of distance. Source levels of open space and edge space foragers (Emballonuridae, Mormoopidae, Molossidae, and Vespertilionidae) ranged between 122–134 dB SPL. The two Noctilionidae species hunting over water emitted the loudest signals recorded so far for any bat with average source levels of ca. 137 dB SPL and maximum levels above 140 dB SPL. In spite of this ten-fold variation in emitted intensity, estimates indicated, surprisingly, that detection distances for prey varied far less; bats emitting the highest intensities also emitted the highest frequencies, which are severely attenuated in air. Thus, our results suggest that bats within a local assemblage compensate for frequency dependent attenuation by adjusting the emitted intensity to achieve comparable detection distances for prey across species. We conclude that for bats with similar hunting habits, prey detection range represents a unifying constraint on the emitted intensity largely independent of call shape, body size, and close phylogenetic relationships."
WIKINDX 6.7.2 | Total resources: 1280 | Username: -- | Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography | Style: American Psychological Association (APA)