Sound Research WIKINDX

WIKINDX Resources

Schubert, E. D. (1975). The role of auditory perception in language processing. In D. D. Duane & M. B. Rawson (Eds), Reading, Perception and Language: Papers from the World Congress on Dyslexia (pp. 97–130). Baltimore: York Press. 
Added by: sirfragalot (09/08/2005 01:50:14 PM)   Last edited by: sirfragalot (04/26/2013 09:57:51 AM)
Resource type: Book Article
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 0-912752-07-6
BibTeX citation key: Schubert1975
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Creators: Duane, Rawson, Schubert
Publisher: York Press (Baltimore)
Collection: Reading, Perception and Language: Papers from the World Congress on Dyslexia
Resources citing this (Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography)
Views: 6/472
Introductory paragraph:
"Most audible signals are useful to the human listener; only in rare instances is sound a noxious kind of stimulus. Recently, it does seem in both the musical and industrial spheres of activity we have allowed things to get out of control on the sound dimension, hence the recently popularized concept of noise pollution; but basically man makes use of sound not only in verbal communication with his fellows but in numerous other ways. Occasionally one of my students decides our double-walled sound room seems a good place to study when it is not scheduled for subjects, only to discover that he really doesn't like that much isolation from environmental sounds. For many of us sound at appropriate levels is a welcome accompaniment of our daily activities, partly because it can also be a useful one. I have a good, and otherwise tractable, secretary who will not change to the Selectric typewriter because it doesn't sound like her old one. Many familiar tasks with mechanical devices become more difficult when auditory monitoring is impossible, Yet, as you will see, we have only the beginnings of a theory about auditory perception, and auditory processing of meaningful sounds."
Added by: sirfragalot  Last edited by: sirfragalot
Although showing its age, it provides useful pointers to understanding the auditory system as a perceptual system (Gibson 1966). According to the author, the primary role of such a system is not to point the eyes but to identify the sound source and its behaviour.

Gibson, J. J. (1966). The senses considered as perceptual systems. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Added by: sirfragalot  Last edited by: sirfragalot
p.97   "The most general purpose of the auditory system is to serve as a perceptual system, i.e., as a device for contributing to the usefulness of acoustical information from the environment."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   perception
p.100   A suggestion "that rapidly changing intensity patterms may be the most important information-bearing elements in audition."   Added by: sirfragalot
p.101   Agreeing with and quoting Bruner (1957) that "perception is categorization".

Bruner, J. S. (1957). On perceptual readiness. Psychological Review, 64(2), 123–152.   Added by: sirfragalot
pp.103-104   As evidence for the auditory system working in conjunction with other systems, Schubert enumerates some experiments in which listeners had great difficulty in memorising abstract sounds. The inference is that being able to imagine or, better, see the sound source is a great aid to sound memorisation.

"...possibly even more than any other sensory input, the auditory system functions mostly as part of a larger perceptual system comprising also the visual, haptic and proprioceptive inputs." (p.104).   Added by: sirfragalot
p.126   Some of the author's summary includes the following thoughts on the auditory system as perceptual system:

"Identification of sound sources, and behavior of those sources, is the primary task of the system." What he terms Source Identification Theory.

"The system is highly dependent on the visual system for meaningful identification of environmental acoustic sequences other than speech or music."   Added by: sirfragalot
p.98   States that the auditory system makes great use of memory when analysing complex audio events and that it is more or less useless [for sighted persons] without other systems such as sight.   Added by: sirfragalot
WIKINDX 6.4.9 | Total resources: 1084 | Username: -- | Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography | Style: American Psychological Association (APA)

PHP execution time: 0.08802 s
SQL execution time: 0.09302 s
TPL rendering time: 0.00436 s
Total elapsed time: 0.18540 s
Peak memory usage: 9.5929 MB
Memory at close: 9.4913 MB
Database queries: 95