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Maturana, H., & Varela, F. (1980). Autopoiesis and cognition: The realization of the living. Dordecht: D. Reidel Publishing Co. 
Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (6/20/06, 8:13 AM)   Last edited by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Resource type: Book
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 9027710155
BibTeX citation key: Maturana1980
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Categories: General
Keywords: Autopoiesis, Cognition, Perception
Creators: Cohen, Maturana, Varela, Wartofsky
Publisher: D. Reidel Publishing Co. (Dordecht)
Views: 8/810
pp.78–79   "An autopoietic machine is a machine organized (defined as a unity) as a network of processes of production (transformation and destruction) of components that produces the components which: (i) through their interactions and transformations continuously regenerate and realize the network of processes (relations) that produced them; and (ii) constitute it (the machine) as a concrete unity in the space in which they (the components) exist by specifying the topologicial domain of its realization as such a network. It follows that an autopoietic machine continuously generates and specifies its own organization through its operation as a system of production of its own components ... Therefore, an autopoietic machine is an homeostatic (or rather a relations-static) system which has its own organization (defining network of relations) as the fundamental variable which in maintains constant."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.80   A non-autopoietic machine is specified by "relations between components [not by] relations between processes of production of components" (which is what specifies an autopoietic machine).   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.80   "Autopoietic machines are autonomous; that is, they subordinate all changes to the maintenance of their own organization, independently of how profoundly they may otherwise be transformed in the process."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.80   "Autopoietic machines have individuality; that is, by keeping their organization as an invariant through its continuous production they actively maintain an identity which is independent of their interactions with an observer."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.81   "Autopoietic machines are unities because, and only because, of their specific autopoietic organization: their operations specify their own boundaries in the processes of self-production."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.81   "Autopoietic machines do not have inputs or outputs. They can be perturbated by independent events and undergo internal structural changes which compensate these perturbations. [These changes] are always subordinated to the maintenance of the machine organization, [a] condition which is definitory of the autopoietic machines ... although an autopoietic machine can be treated as an allopoietic machine, this treatment does not reveal its organization as an autopoietic machine."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.82   "We can describe physical autopoietic machines, and also manipulate them, as parts of a larger system that defines the independent events which perturb them ... we can view these perturbing independent events as inputs, and the changes of the machine that compensate these perturbations as outputs. To do this, however, amounts to treating an autopoietic machine as an allopoietic one, and to recognize that if the independent perturbing events are regular in their nature and occurrence, an autopoietic machine can in fact be integrated into a larger system as a component allopoietic machine, without any alteration in its autopoieitc organization."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.82   "We can analyze a physical autopoietic machine in its physical parts and treat all its partial homeostatic and regulatory mechanisms as allopoietic machines (sub-machines) by defining their input and output surfaces. Accordingly, these sub-machines are not necessarily components of an autopoietic machine because the relations that define such a machine need not be those that they generate through the input-output relations that define them."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.82   "autopoiesis is neccessary and sufficient to characterize the organization of living systems."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.86   Autopoietic and allopoietic machines are described only in terms of their organization in any particular state. The telonomic devices of purpose, function etc. "have no explanatory value in the phenomenological domain which they pretend to illuminate because they do not refer to processes indeed operating in the generation of any of its phenomena."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.86   "Living systems, as physical autopoietic machines, are purposeless systems."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
pp.118–119   "The domain of interactions of an autopoietic unity is the domain of all the deformations that it may undergo without loss of autopoiesis."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.123   "...autopoiesis generates a phenomenological domain, this is cognition."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Autopoiesis Cognition
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