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Parkes, D. N., & Thrift, N. J. (1980). Times, spaces, and places: A chronogeographic perspective. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 
Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (6/30/06, 12:54 PM)   
Resource type: Book
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 0 471 27617 0
BibTeX citation key: Parkes1980
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Categories: General
Keywords: Space, Time
Creators: Parkes, Thrift
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons (New York)
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Makes the argument that time is an integral part of the study of spaces and places being an essential component of the behaviour that forms those spaces and places.
Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard  
p.10   "Locational spaces and times are outside the individual, experiential spaces and times are constructed from inside the individual"   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Space Time
p.322   Discussing the work of ecologists in the 1940s and 1950s, the authors state: "Rhythm, tempo, and timing became not simply additional attributes to the spatial characteristics of human ecology; rather with space they were jointly responsible for the maintenance of a living community"   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Ecology Time
p.1   Distinguish between territorial or universal space, which may be described with three dimensions, and paraspaces, which are social, cultural spaces.   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Space
pp.36–38   Define three basic types of time:

Universe time or standard time. Can be recorded by clocks and calendars and so is metric.

Life time. A paratime composed of biological time (life spans etc.) and psychological time that provides a 'sense of time' (e.g. past, present, future).

Social time. Derives from group use and knowledge of temporal features such as frequency, duration and sequence of socially relevant objects and events. Social time is also a paratime.   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Time
p.323   Rhythm: recurrence of fluctuations and movement. Timing here can be universal time (i.e. metric), life time or social time (the latter two being paratimes).
Tempo: the number of events that occur in each unit of time.
Timing: synchronization of rhythms.   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Ecology Time
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