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Back, M., & Des, D. (1996). Micro-narratives in sound design: Context and caricature in waveform manipulation. Retrieved January 7, 2008, from ... ICAD96/proc96/back5.htm 
Added by: sirfragalot (02/28/2006 09:13:27 AM)   Last edited by: sirfragalot (01/07/2008 01:54:59 PM)
Resource type: Web Article
BibTeX citation key: Back1996a
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Categories: Sound Design
Keywords: Caricature, Interface Design, Sonic Narrative
Creators: Back, Des
Resources citing this (Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography)
Views: 6/759
This paper reviews sound design techniques used in professional audio for music and theater and proposes a conceptual approach to the construction of audio based in narrative structure. The sound designer does not attempt to replicate "real" sounds; the task is rather to create the impression of a real sound in a listener's mind. In this attempt to create a sound in the listener's mind, the sound designer is aided by user expectations based upon cultural experience as well as physical experience. Practical sound manipulation techniques are discussed in view of their usefulness in matching a listener's mental model of a sound. Narrative aspects of audio design in computational environments are also delineated. Some keywords involved in this paper are sound design, auditory display, multimodal interaction, interface design, narrative, sonic narrative, micro-narrative, and audio.
Added by: sirfragalot  Last edited by: sirfragalot
Researchers at Xerox Parc.

Added by: sirfragalot  Last edited by: sirfragalot
   Posits elements of an auditory structure designed to impart information which may include:

"CONTEXT: Where am I?
STORY: What is going on?
DYNAMICS: What is happening now?
EXPRESSION: How does it feel?
INSTRUCTION: What happens next?"   Added by: sirfragalot
   Explains that caricature can help provide realism where the actual or real sound fails to impress. Uses example of door shutting and talks about layering other sounds on top and using DSP e.g. EQ, envelope-shaping and reverb/echo to provide the impression of a door shutting.   Added by: sirfragalot
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