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Lumann, N. (1995). Social systems J. Bednarz Jr. & D. Baecker, Trans. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 
Added by: sirfragalot (05/01/2008 12:54:31 PM)   
Resource type: Book
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 0-8047-2625-6
BibTeX citation key: Lumann1995
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Keywords: Autopoiesis, Immersion
Creators: Baecker, Bednarz Jr., Gumbrecht, Lenoir, Lumann
Publisher: Stanford University Press (Stanford)
Views: 4/411
A description of society as an autopoietic system of communications.
Added by: sirfragalot  
p.34   Luhmann understands autopoiesis as transferring "self-reference from the level of structural formation and structural change to that of the constitution of elements."

This does not mean that autopoietic systems lack reproductive operations -- these processes may only be used internally.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.35   For Luhmann, self-organizing systems ask the question what are "the particular conditions under which the repetition of a similar action or the expectation of the repetition of a similar experience is likely." Self-organizing systems are defined by their structures and structural formations. Conversely, autopoiesis, defined by the constitution of elements, asks: "How does one get from one elemental event to the next? [...] the basic problem lies not in repetition but in connectivity."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.213   Interpenetration is "an intersystem relation between systems that are environments for each other [...] the behavior of the penetrating system is co-determined by the receiving system [...] the receiving system also reacts to the structural formation of the penetrating system. [...] This means that greater degrees of freedom are possible in spite (better: because!) of increased dependencies. This also means that, in the course of evolution, interpenetration individualizes behavior more than penetration does."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.218   "One can speak of interpenetration only if the systems that contribute their own complexity are autopoietic systems. Interpenetration is thus a relationship between autopoietic systems."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.347   "Because a social system (like all other temporalized systems, including life) exists as elements that are events, it is confronted at every moment with the alternative of ceasing or continuing. It's "substance" continually vanishes so to speak, and must be reproduced with the help of structural models. [...] Autopoietic reproduction presupposes structural models, but it can innovatively or deviantly emerge from a situation if action remains communicable, meaningfully comprehensible, and capable of connection."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.369   "Autopoiesis is not simply a new word for existence or life. Because one must bring time into consideration, precise constraints on the conditions of possibility result. A system must not simply maintain "itself", it must maintain its "essential variables" (Ashby). This includes the interdependence of dissolution and reproduction despite constantly vanishing elements. Functionally, this means sufficient structures to guarantee connectivity."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
p.35   Autopoietic reproduction is confined to the elements defined in the system -- systems comprised of events reproduce only events.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Autopoiesis
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