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Shilling, R., & Krebs, E. 2002, Videogame and entertainment industry standard sound design techniques and architectures for use in videogames, virtual environments and training. , Naval Postgraduate School. 
Added by: sirfragalot (02/02/2009 08:17:29 AM)   
Resource type: Conference Paper
BibTeX citation key: Shilling
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Categories: Sound Design
Keywords: Virtual environment
Creators: Krebs, Shilling
Publisher: MOVES Institute (Naval Postgraduate School)
Views: 4/359
Abstract
"The design and development of auditory interfaces in virtual environments has lagged behind visual interfaces. However, the auditory interface should be considered an essential component to VE that adds ambience, emotion, and a sense of presence to the simulation. The entertainment industry has long recognized the importance of sound to add these perceptual elements to film and videogames. As a result, the film industry has devoted many of its resources to developing techniques for producing sound effects and ambiences that evoke emotional responses and immerse the viewer in the film. Many of these techniques can be applied to simulations and virtual environments. The current paper will discuss how auditory researchers at the MOVES Institute have applied these sound design techniques used by the entertainment industry for creating highly immersive environments in both their videogame efforts and in high-end simulations. In order to implement this type of sound design, the audio architecture must be capable of producing a complex, spatialized auditory environments. Currently, videogame development tools usually offer more flexibility and control in developing auditory environments than tools used for creating virtual environments. Thus, we look at the use of OpenAL, DirectSound, DirectSound3D, and EAX as alternatives to more expensive audio servers. Additionally, on the high-end, we examine Ausim3D’s Goldserver Audio System for employment of low-latency live voice in virtual environments."
Added by: sirfragalot  
Notes
A useful comparitive overview of the possibilities OpenAL and DirectX/DirectSound combined with EAX.
Added by: sirfragalot  
Paraphrases
   Notes that it is difficult to record the exact sound of a weapon (such as the M16 rifle): neither microphones nore reproduction systems can handle the dynamic range. Additionally, attempting to use as accurate as possible weapon recordings produced complaints from listeners that the sounds were 'unrealistic'.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Sound Recording
WIKINDX 6.4.9 | Total resources: 1084 | Username: -- | Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography | Style: American Psychological Association (APA)


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