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Niedenthal, P. M. (2007). Embodying emotion. Science, 316, 1002–1005. 
Added by: sirfragalot (01/26/2011 01:34:42 AM)   
Resource type: Journal Article
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1126/science.1136930
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 0036-8075
BibTeX citation key: Niedenthal2007
View all bibliographic details
Categories: Embodied Cognition
Keywords: Embodied cognition, Emotion
Creators: Niedenthal
Collection: Science
Views: 6/414
Recent theories of embodied cognition suggest new ways to look at how we process emotional information. The theories suggest that perceiving and thinking about emotion involve perceptual, somatovisceral, and motoric reexperiencing (collectively referred to as “embodiment”) of the relevant emotion in one's self. The embodiment of emotion, when induced in human participants by manipulations of facial expression and posture in the laboratory, causally affects how emotional information is processed. Congruence between the recipient's bodily expression of emotion and the sender's emotional tone of language, for instance, facilitates comprehension of the communication, whereas incongruence can impair comprehension. Taken all together, recent findings provide a scientific account of the familiar contention that “when you're smiling, the whole world smiles with you.”
Added by: sirfragalot  
p.1003   "...high-level cognitive processes (such as thought and language) use partial reactivations of states in sensory, motor, and affective systems to do their jobs [...] The brain captures modality-specific states during perception, action and interoception and then reinstates parts of the same states to represent knowledge when needed."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Cognition
p.1003   "Through the interconnections of the populations of neurons that were active during the original experience, a partial multimodal reenactment of the experience is produced. Critical for such an account, one reason that only parts of the original neural states are reactivated is that attention is selectively focused on the aspects of the experience that are the most salient and important for the individual. [...] Because emotions are salient and functional, this aspect of experience will certainly be preserved."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Attention Emotion
p.1004   "...observational learning is supported by a reenactment of the emotional experience of the model in the observer."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Emotion
This is to do with emotional resonance -- painful empathy seen through fMRI etc. when observing someone else suffering pain.   Added by: sirfragalot  (2011-01-26 01:45:56)
p.1004   "...shifting from processing in one modality to another involves temporal processing costs: Individuals take longer to judge the location of a visual stimulus after having just detected the location of an auditory one, for example, than if both stimuli arrive to the same modality."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Modality Cognition
pp.1004-1005   Supporting theories of embodied cognition, "individuals simulate objects in the relevant modalities when they use them in thought and language."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Modality
p.1005   There is a temporal cost to switching processing between the affective system and sensory modalities and there is evidence that "affective properties of concepts are simulated in the emotional system when the properties are the subject of active thought."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Emotion
p.1004   Three types of learning: conditioned (directly experienced); observational (vicarious experience); and instructed (described in language). Emotional processes supporting these types share important similarities lending support to theories of emotional model reenactment.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Emotion
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