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Wilson, M. (2002). Six views of embodied cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9(4), 625–636. 
Added by: sirfragalot (01/31/2011 03:32:04 AM)   
Resource type: Journal Article
Peer reviewed
BibTeX citation key: Wilson2002
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Categories: Embodied Cognition
Keywords: Embodied cognition
Creators: Wilson
Collection: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Views: 5/465
"The emerging viewpoint of embodied cognition holds that cognitive processes are deeply rooted in the body’s interactions with the world. This position actually houses a number of distinct claims, some of which are more controversial than others. This paper distinguishes and evaluates the following six claims: (1) cognition is situated; (2) cognition is time-pressured; (3) we off-load cognitive work onto the environment; (4) the environment is part of the cognitive system; (5) cognition is for action; (6) offline cognition is body based. Of these, the first three and the fifth appear to be at least partially true, and their usefulness is best evaluated in terms of the range of their applicability. The fourth claim, I argue, is deeply problematic. The sixth claim has received the least attention in the literature on embodied cognition, but it may in fact be the best documented and most powerful of the six claims."
Added by: sirfragalot  
The 6 views are:

1. "Cognition is situated." Its context is that of the real-world environment involving inherently action and perception.
2. "Cognition is time-pressured." Cognition "functions under the pressures of real-time interaction with the environment."
3. "We off-load cognitive work onto the environment." "We harvest information on a nead-to-know basis" and reduce our cognitive workload by using the environment to store/manipulate information (cf libraries, databases etc.).
4. "The environment is part of the cognitive system." The environment must be studied as part of cognition because of the "dense and continuous" flow of information between world and mind.
5. "Cognition is for action." The mind's function is to "guide action" -- "cognitive mechanisms such as perception and memory must be understood in terms of their ultimate contribution to situation-appropriate behavior."
6. "Off-line cognition is body-based." "[T]he activity of the mind is grounded in mechanisms that evolved for interaction with the environment." This is even the case when the environment is "decoupled" from the mind (cf planning for the future).
Added by: sirfragalot  Last edited by: sirfragalot
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