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Byrne, R. M. J. (2007). The rational imagination: How people create alternatives to reality. Cambridge: The MIT Press. 
Added by: sirfragalot (08/27/2011 04:25:45 AM)   
Resource type: Book
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 978-0-262-02584-3
BibTeX citation key: Byrne2005
View all bibliographic details
Categories: Embodied Cognition, General
Keywords: Counterfactual imagination, Embodied cognition, Imagination, Reality/Virtuality/Actuality
Creators: Byrne
Publisher: The MIT Press (Cambridge)
Views: 3/326
Quotes
p.3   "One of the more surprising aspects of counterfactual imagination is that there are remarkable similiarities in what everyone imagines."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Counterfactual imagination Imagination
p.3   The similarities in imaginative scenarios suggest "that there are "joints" in reality, junctures that attract everyone's attention."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Counterfactual imagination Imagination Immersion Reality/Virtuality/Actuality
p.5   "people tend to change unusual events to make them more normal."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Reality/Virtuality/Actuality
p.31   "A counterfactual conditional [using the subjunctive mood] such as "if only he had been handsome, I would have married him" evokes two possibilities, an imaginary possibility in which the man is handsome and the speaker marries him, and a reality in which the man was not and she did not."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Counterfactual imagination
p.32   "The negative counterfactual seems to propose that its antecedent is fake." The example Byrne uses is "if Oswald had not killed Kennedy then someone else would have." The presupposition, or antecedent, is that Oswald had killed Kennedy; the negative counterfactual proposes otherwise.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Counterfactual imagination
p.191   "Inventions of new instances of a category appear to be structured by existing conceptual knowledge."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Creativity
Paraphrases
pp.6-7   "to think counterfactually is to think causally" (p.6). Byrne traces such thinking to Hume and Mill but counterfactual and causal thoughts are sometimes divergent. e.g. Taxi driver refuses ride to couple who then take their own car. Taxi driver drives safely over bridge; shortly after, as the couple drive over it, the bridge collapses and kills them. The cause of the bridge collapsing was not the taxi driver's refusal yet people still blame the driver for the deaths. "If only he had given the couple a ride!"   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Counterfactual imagination
pp.25-26   Discussing the number of possibilities people imagine/infer when given a proposition.

1. Conjunction -- A went to stables and rode S. (1 possibility.)
2. Bicondition -- If, and only if, A went to stables, she rode S. (2 possibilities.)
3. Conditional -- If A went to stables, she rode S. (3 possibilities.)   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Counterfactual imagination
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