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O'Callaghan, C. (2009). Sounds and events. In M. Nudds & C. O'Callaghan (Eds), Sounds & Perception (pp. 26–49). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
Added by: sirfragalot (05/10/2012 07:34:16 AM)   Last edited by: sirfragalot (01/27/2018 02:51:33 PM)
Resource type: Book Article
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 978-0-19-928296-8
BibTeX citation key: OCallaghan2009
View all bibliographic details
Categories: Embodied Cognition
Keywords: Definition of sound, Embodied cognition, Perspective, Phenomenology
Creators: Nudds, O'Callaghan
Publisher: Oxford University Press (Oxford)
Collection: Sounds & Perception
Views: 3/431
Quotes
p.28   "sounds are particular events of a certain kind. They are events in which a moving object disturbs a surrounding medium and sets it moving. The strikings and crashings are not the sounds, but are the causes of sounds. The waves in the medium are not the sounds themselves, but are the effects of sounds."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   perception
p.37   "[T]here is the event of an object or substance setting a medium into periodic motion. This is sound."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Definition of sound
p.46   "Sounds are stationary relative to their sources"   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Location of sound
p.48   "Sounds are events that take place near their sources, not in the intervening space."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Ecology Localization
Paraphrases
pp.27-28   O'Callaghan presents 3 theories of sound:

1. Sounds are properties of bodies. A view held from Locke onwards -- bodies and objects possess sounds when they vibrate at particular frequencies and amplitudes.

2. Classic acoustic theory. Sounds are waves produced by vibrating bodies -- thus, we do not immediately hear the property a body 'possesses' but only hear the sound as a compression wave through a medium.

3. Sounds are events. O'Callaghan arrives at the 'event view' of sound from Aristotle's writings: sound is a movement (as per Aristotle) but O'Callaghan interprets this as -- the movement need not be the medium but can be the event that causes the medium's disturbance/movement. Sound is 'the act of one thing moving another' (p.27).   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Acoustics perception
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