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Riddoch, M. 2012, September 9—14 On the non-cochlearity of the sounds themselves. Paper presented at International Computer Music Conference. 
Added by: sirfragalot (2013-11-06 20:37:47)   Last edited by: sirfragalot (2020-09-23 21:36:28)
Resource type: Proceedings Article
BibTeX citation key: Riddoch2012
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Categories: Embodied Cognition, Typologies/Taxonomies
Keywords: Aural Imagery, Cochlea, Definition of sound, Imagination, perception, Synaesthesia
Creators: Riddoch
Collection: International Computer Music Conference
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"What is non-cochlear sound? This open question is followed by way of an initial explication of the psychophysiology of audition. Non-cochlearity in sound is posited firstly in terms of synaesthesia and the skin and body cavity reception of infrasonic and low frequency sound waves. The auditory imagination is a further example that can produce a perception of sound without any direct acoustic stimulation of either the ear or skin and body. However, one’s imagination still retains a relation to the sounds of the world we live in. From a phenomenological perspective this worldly relation is a fundamental characteristic of sound as something that is heard. On this basis the causality associated with empirical accounts of auditory perception as a product of biological processes are contrasted with an interrogation of sound qua sound. It is posited that the sounds themselves are non-cochlear in the sense of being non-physical phenomena disclosed in the lived experience of hearkening to the meaningful sounds one hears in the world."
p.11   "This sensitivity is exhibited even in newborns indicating that an attunement to organized sound is an evolutionary adaptation in the human species."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Cognition Cochlea
p.11   Cochlear sound is "the perceived sound associated with the kinetic energy vibrations within the cochlea that produce electrochemical signals in the brain."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Cochlea perception
p.12   "non-cochlear sounds are perceived sounds associated with the excitation of the auditory cortex in the human brain by means other than cochlear vibrations transmitted through the hair cells to the auditory nerve."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   perception Cochlea
p.13   "Sounds, whether associated with cochlear vibrations or not, are always in the first instance meaningful sounds."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Meaning
p.14   Riddoch provides a fourth definition of sounds "as first and foremost meaningful, worldly phenomena."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Meaning Definition of sound
p.14   "The fact that the sounds we hearken to are already meaningful would indicate that the conceptual in sound is not merely an afterthought, an artistic abstraction, or a subjective, psychological construction. The meaningfulness of what we hear is a fundamental aspect of the sounds themselves as we encounter them in the first instance."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Meaning Definition of sound
p.14   "I would like to propose that there is therefore no such thing as a cochlear sound in any demonstrable empirical sense, there are only in the first instance the sounds themselves we hear and hearken to. By simple inference all sound, as something heard in the world, is therefore non-cochlear (or more precisely a nonphysical phenomenon)."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Cochlea Definition of sound
pp.12-13   Riddoch proposes three types of non-cochlear sound:
  • Synaesthetic -- the perception of sound via stimulation of another sense.
  • Infrasonic sound -- sound waves below 20Hz can be detected by the skin and the chest cavity resonates at 80Hz and below. Riddoch also points to the example of profoundly deaf (from birth) percussionist Evelyn Glennie (1993) who maintains that hearing is a specialized form of touch.
  • Auditory imagination -- including memory, imagination, hallucination, dreaming which all excite the auditory cortex.

Glennie, E. (1993) Hearing essay. . Retrieved April 28, 2014,   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Cochlea Embodied cognition Imagination Synaesthesia Definition of sound
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