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Zahorik, P., & Jenison, R. L. (1998). Presence as being-in-the-world. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 7(1), 78–89. 
Added by: sirfragalot (02/14/2018 12:03:17 PM)   Last edited by: sirfragalot (09/11/2018 05:15:42 PM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1162/105474698565541
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 1054-7460
BibTeX citation key: Zahorik1998
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Keywords: Immersion, Presence, Presence (definition), Reality/Virtuality/Actuality, Self-presence
Creators: Jenison, Zahorik
Publisher: MIT Press (Cambridge, Massachusetts)
Collection: Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments
Resources citing this (Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography)
Views: 7/141
Abstract
"An alternative view of presence is introduced based on existential philosophy and ecological psychology. This view favors a Heideggerian/Gibsonian metaphysic over the more conventional rationalistic orientation. In this alternative view, notions of subjective presence and objective presence no longer exist. Presence is instead tied to one's successfully supported action in the environment, this environment being either virtual or real. The coupling between perception and action is crucial for determining the extent to which actions are successfully supported. It is argued that this alternative view provides needed guidance and simplification for the evaluation of presence."
  
Quotes
p.81   Writing in 1998: "Current research on presence in virtual reality and teleoperator systems subscribes, in one way or another, to the rationalistic orientation."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence
p.82   Re presence research: "it has been shown that much of this research utilizes rationalistic tools: distinctions between subject and object, recourse to mental representations, and atomistic formalization."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Reality/Virtuality/Actuality
p.85   Re Heidegger's 'concernful action' (in this action, no stable representations of tools etc. – readiness-to-hand where objects are conceived of in terms of their usefuless): "It is therefore crucially important [...] that the potential for concernful action be provided in virtual reality and teleoperation systems in order for presence to result."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Reality/Virtuality/Actuality
p.87   Relating Gibson to presence, "the perception of self-existence is completely determined by physical stimulation. To the extent that successful action is supported, perceptions of self-existence are veridical [cf 'throwness'] Hence, presence is tied to action in the environment."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Reality/Virtuality/Actuality Self
p.87   "Presence is tantamount to successfully supported action in the environment [...] Successfully supported action in the environment is a necessary and sufficient condition for presence [...] When actions are made in an environment, the environment reacts, in some fashion, to the action made. When the environmental response is perceived as lawful, that is, commensurate with the response that would be made by the real-world environment in which our perceptual systems have evolved, then the action is said to successfully support our expectations. Since our knowledge of such environmental response is necessarily gained through perceptual processes, it may be seen that the coupling between perception and action is crucial in determining the extent to which actions are successfully supported. Such ecological perception/action coupling must therefore be ultimately related to presence." [their italics]   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Reality/Virtuality/Actuality
WIKINDX 6.4.9 | Total resources: 1084 | Username: -- | Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography | Style: American Psychological Association (APA)


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