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Heeter, C. (1992). Being there: The subjective experience of presence. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 1(2), 262–271. 
Added by: sirfragalot (02/28/2018 09:28:34 AM)   Last edited by: sirfragalot (09/11/2018 05:20:01 PM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1162/pres.1992.1.2.262
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 1054-7460
BibTeX citation key: Heeter1992
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Keywords: Immersion, Presence, Presence (definition), Self-presence
Creators: Heeter
Publisher: MIT Press (Cambridge, Massachusetts)
Collection: Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments
Resources citing this (Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography)
Views: 5/120
Presents three dimensions of presence:
  • Personal
  • Social
  • Environmental


Added by: sirfragalot  
p.262   Personal presence is subjective and "is a measure of the extent to which and the reasons why you feel like you are in a virtual world."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Self
p.262   "Social presence refers to the extent to which other beings (living or synthetic) also exist in the world and appear to react to you."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Self
p.263   "Environmental presence refers to the extent to which the environment itself appears to know that you are there and to react to you [sic]."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence
p.263   "[The virtual world responds like the natural world] and in a way that differentiates self from world. You move and the world stays still."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Self
p.265   Heeter proposes a "social construction of virtual reality" following philosophers' discussion of the social constrution of reality.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence
p.265   "When you walk into a room in the real world, it does not verbally or musically greet you or start raining."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence
p.264   Suggests that different tasks in VR might require more or less sensory fidelity (compared to real world sensory environments) in order to attain a sense of presence.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Sensory fidelity
p.264   Familiarity and experience with the virtual world might increase the sense of presence. Conversely (Heeter does not note the contradiction), familiarity breeds contempt as expectations rise and previously adequate presence experiences later suffer in light of new technological capability. cf Uncanny Wall (Tinwell, Grimshaw, & Williams 2011).

Tinwell, A., Grimshaw, M., & Williams, A. (2011). The Uncanny Wall. International Journal of Arts and Technology, 4(3), 326–341.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Uncanny
p.265   Although many real worlds do not respond to you, as if acknowledging your presence, the lack of response in VR might limit presence (cf environmental presence).   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence
p.270   Different genders, ages etc. might have different criteria for presence. Equally, humans have preferred sensory channels and so this channel might be preferred for attaining presence: "Is one person's experience of presence in a virtual world the same as another's?"   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence
WIKINDX 6.4.9 | Total resources: 1084 | Username: -- | Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography | Style: American Psychological Association (APA)

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