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Fontaine, G. (1992). The experience of a sense of presence in intercultural and international encounters. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 1(4), 482–490.
Added by: sirfragalot (02/28/2018 09:32:13 AM) Last edited by: sirfragalot (09/11/2018 05:21:12 PM)
|Resource type: Journal Article
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 1054-7460
BibTeX citation key: Fontaine1992
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Keywords: Immersion, Presence, Presence (definition), Self-presence
Publisher: MIT Press (Cambridge, Massachusetts)
Collection: Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments
"The state of consciousness referred to as a sense of presence has received significant attention in research on teleoperator and virtual reality systems. There has apparently been, however, little theoretical development or empirical research associated with the experience of presence. In that regard, it is useful to look at another very different context in which it has received attention. This paper reports on a study recently conducted on the experience of presence in international and intercultural encounters that may have theoretical significance beyond this limited context. Overall, the results indicated that the experiences of “realness, vividness, and feeling very much alive,” “attending to the immediate situation,“ “a perception of thinking and acting in new and innovative ways,” and ”a broad awareness of everything around” clustered together as a single factor and that a sense of presence in this context is a state of consciousness with at least these characteristics. There was also evidence that the experience of the state is related to the perception of quickness in the passage of time, the recall of details of encounters, their enjoyment, and the motivation to repeat them."
Looks at the role of attention in novel environments, suggesting that the greater the novelty, the greater the need for attention to the task ecology, and thus the greater the sense of presence. Presence is less than when in familiar task ecologies (see also Heeter's (1992) suggestion that familiarity with the environment lessens the feeling of personal presence). Presence, for Fontaine, derives from attention to carrying out tasks.
Also, a correlation is made of presence to the concept of flow with some differences.
Heeter, C. (1992). Being there: The subjective experience of presence. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 1(2), 262–271.
Added by: sirfragalot Last edited by: sirfragalot
Two major differences between flow and presence: "(1) flow involves a narrow focus on a limited range of task characteristics, whereas presence involves a broader awareness of the task ecology; and (2) flow is associated with feelings of control whereas presence has been associated with novel ecologies involving a lack of predictability that makes feelings of control difficult."
Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords: Immersion Presence Flow
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