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Herrera, G., Jordan, R., & Vera, L. (2006). Agency and presence: A common dependence on subjectivity? Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 15(5), 539–552. 
Added by: sirfragalot (03/09/2018 10:13:35 AM)   Last edited by: sirfragalot (08/14/2020 03:35:00 PM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1162/pres.15.5.539
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 1054-7460
BibTeX citation key: Herrera2006
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Keywords: Agency, Immersion, Presence, Self-presence
Creators: Herrera, Jordan, Vera
Publisher: MIT Press (Cambridge, Massachusetts)
Collection: Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments
Views: 3/104
"This paper argues that presence, as shown in virtual environments, can usefully be seen as comprising various subtypes and that these in turn may have common conceptual and ontological features with a sense of agency as defined by Russell (1996, Agency: Its Role in Mental Development, Erlbaum.). Furthermore, an analysis of Russell's characterization of the concept of agency may be useful for acquiring insight into the sense of presence itself and the variables affecting it. Empirical evidence from cognitive developmental research and the positive results of attempts to develop symbolic understanding in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in virtual environments suggest that presence may be more about experiencing agency than either pretending to be there or constructing and reconstructing mental models in real time. This analysis is used to shed some light on the current issues of presence research and to open up new philosophical and psychological aspects, in relation to both presence and ASD."
p.539   Their definition of agency is "the exercise of a capacity for first person experience [that includes] information-processing and control [and] self-knowledge that is available to agents and to agents alone."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Agency Immersion Presence
pp.540-541   "Presence, then, can be considered to be a conceptualization for virtual environments of the conscious awareness of self, as both agent and experiencer, which characterizes the experiencing self of natural environments (i.e., using Brewer’s conceptualization)." (Brewer 1986)

Brewer, W. F. (1986). What is autobiographical memory? In D. C. Rubin (Ed.), Autobiographical memory (pp. 25–49). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Presence (definition)
p.541   "Agency, then, is a regulating variable or, if preferred, one of the components that correlates with (and perhaps determines) the level and type of presence obtained."   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Immersion Presence Agency

"The perceptions we receive from our senses have a very important role in the configuration of the sense of being there as they keep us connected with reality at every moment. Relevant here is the concept of affordances as noted by Zahorik et al. (1998) in the context of artificial environments. Affordances, as Gibson suggested (Gibson & Walker, 1984), define the opportunities for perception and action offered by the environment in the context of the individual’s capacities: they are things that one perceives directly (without the need of a mental representation process)."

(Zahorik & Jenison 1998).

Zahorik, P., & Jenison, R. L. (1998). Presence as being-in-the-world. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 7(1), 78–89.   Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Agency Immersion Presence

"it is through inter-subjectivity that we are enabled to take a subjective stance and thus have a sense of presence."


  Added by: sirfragalot
Keywords:   Agency Immersion Presence
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