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Sanders, J. T. (1993). Merleau-Ponty, Gibson, and the materiality of meaning. Man and World, 26, 287–302. 
Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard (12/12/23, 9:59 AM)   
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1007/BF01273397
BibTeX citation key: Sanders1993
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Categories: General
Keywords: Perception, Phenomenology, Vision
Creators: Sanders
Collection: Man and World
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pp.293–294   "The concept of "affordances" can be similarly useful in contexts other than visual perception. It is clear that Gibson understands them to be the key to all modes of perception, and it would be difficult to see why he should be wrong in this if his thesis concerning vision were to be granted. That is, if "affordances" are what are perceived by visual systems (or, to put the matter in a way that some might prefer, if the language of "affordances" is the one most apt for explaining vision), it is hard to see why any of the other modes of perception should be different. Indeed, the spirit of the "ecological approach" is such that it is hard to see why vision should be singled out for any but analytic purposes. Surely it is extraordinarily rare for visual perception to be isolated in real experience."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Perception Phenomenology Vision Affordance
p.298   "Focusing on potential for organisms, in particular, directs attention to facts about living that not only make the building of worlds possible, but inevitable. In the end, it is largely because organisms need to suppress information that worlds are cast. 32 This fact accounts at the same time for both the differences and the similarities of the worlds that are made from different perspectives. Organisms need to suppress information because they need to act, and they need to be able to perceive the opportunities for action in their environment without having to sort through limitless arrays of insignificant data. What is significant, in turn, depends as much upon features of the organism in question as it does upon features of the organism' s environment."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Perception Phenomenology Vision Potential
p.295   Discussing Merleau-Ponty's and Gibson's work in the context of the doctrine of the materiality of meaning. That is, meaning, or significance, is to be found, or is something that exists, out in the world where that world is external to self. Thus, Gibson's affordances are things already in the world and, using Merleau-Ponty's ideas, significance is already found in the world through our most basic encounters with it.   Added by: Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard
Keywords:   Perception Phenomenology Vision Affordance Meaning
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